Singapore Framework for 21CC and Student Outcomes

The Framework for 21st Century Competencies (21CC) and Student Outcomes is a 21st century skills framework developed by the Singapore Ministry of Education (MOE). The framework focuses on core values, social and emotional skills, and 21st century competencies that underpin the holistic education necessary to successfully prepare students to thrive in an increasingly globalized world. Together, they help Singaporean students achieve the Desired Outcomes of Education for Singapore: to become confident persons, self-directed learners, active contributors, and concerned citizens. The 21CC framework is intended to guide 21st century skill development across all subject areas included in Singapore's national curriculum.

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Singapore Framework for…core valuessocial and emotional…civic literacy, global…respectharmonyresilienceresponsibilityintegritycareself-awarenessself-managementresponsible decision…relationship managementsocial awarenessactive community lifeglobal awarenessnational and cultural…socio-cultural sensitivity…

Breakdown by Domain

Domain Key


Key Features

Context & Culture

  • Derives core values from culturally relevant sources including Singapore's Our Shared Values, the Singapore Family Values, Singapore 21 Vision, and National Education messages
  • Notes that schools and parents need to work together to help students develop 21CC competencies

Developmental Perspective

  • No standalone learning progression provided; however, the learning outcomes articulated for each subject area in Singapore's national curriculum across three age ranges (primary, secondary, pre-university) integrate relevant 21CCs in a highly contextualized and discipline-specific way

Associated Outcomes

  • Lists four Desired Outcomes of Education (confident person, self-directed learner, active contributor, concerned citizen) integral to Singapore's education goals, with key outcomes for each across primary, secondary, and post-secondary education, that should result from developing the competencies outlined in the framework

Available Resources

Support Materials

  • Syllabi for academic subject areas, PE, arts education, and character and citizenship education that integrate 21CC development into Singapore's national curriculum are publicly available on the MOE website
  • Teachers in Singapore can also access additional syllabi, teaching guides, lesson plans, and other general teaching resources through the MOE's internal platform (One Portal, All Learners)

Programs & Strategies

  • Singapore develops 21CC competencies across all areas of its national curriculum, with each subject's learning outcomes aligned to the framework
  • In addition to integrating the 21CC framework across all subject areas, Singapore's national Character and Citizenship Education (CCE) curriculum for primary, secondary, and pre-university students is a cornerstone of the country's approach to holistic education and is closely aligned with the 21CC framework

Measurement Tools

  • No information or tools provided

Key Publications

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